Alec Forbes of Howglen

Chapter 92 No.92



Is it worth while, I debate with myself, to write one word more?-?Shall I tie the ends of my warp, or leave them loose?-?I will tie them, but no one needs sit out the process.

The farm of Howglen prospered. Alec never practised in his profession, but became a first-rate farmer. Within two years Annie and he were married, and began a new chapter of their history.

When Mrs Forbes found that Alec and Annie were engaged, she discovered that she had been in reality wishing it for a long time, and that the opposing sense of duty had been worldly.

Mr Cupples came to see them every summer, and generally remained over the harvest. He never married. But he wrote a good book.

Thomas Crann and he had many long disputes, and did each other good. Thomas grew gentler as he grew older. And he learned to hope more for other people. And then he hoped more for himself too.

The first time Curly saw Annie after the wedding, he was amazed at his own presumption in ever thinking of marrying such a lady. When about thirty, by which time he had a good business of his own, he married Isie Constable?-still little, still old-fashioned, and still wise.

Margaret Anderson was taken good care of by Annie Forbes, but kept herself clear of all obligation by never acknowledging any.

Robert Bruce had to refund, and content himself with his rights. He died worth a good deal of money notwithstanding, which must have been a great comfort to him at the last.

Young Robert is a clergyman, has married a rich wife, hopes to be Moderator of the Assembly some day, and never alludes to his royal ancestor.

THE END.

Note from John Bechard, transcriber of this electronic text.

The following is a list of Scottish words found in George MacDonald?s Alec Forbes of Howglen. I have compiled this list myself and worked out the definitions from context with the help of Margaret West, from Leven in Fife, Scotland, and also by referring to a word list found in a collection of poems by Robert Burns, Chamber?s Scots Dialect Dictionary from the 17th century to the Present c. 1911 and Scots-English English-Scots Dictionary Lomond Books c. 1998. I have tried to be as thorough as possible given the limited resources and welcome any feedback on this list (my e-mail address is [email protected]). This was never meant to be a comprehensive list of the Scots Dialect, but rather an aid to understanding some of the conversations and references that appear in this novel. I do apologise for any mistakes or omissions. I aimed for my list to be very comprehensive, and it often repeats the same word in a plural or diminutive form. As well, it includes words that are quite obvious to native English speakers, only spelled in such a way to demonstrate the regional pronunciation.

This list is a compressed format that consists of three columns for ?word?, ?definition?, and ?notes?. It is set up with a comma between each item and a hard return at the end of each definition. This means that this section could easily be cut and pasted into its own text file and imported into a database or spreadsheet as a comma separated variable file (.csv file). Failing that, you could do a search and replace for commas in this section (I have not used any commas in my words, definitions or notes) and replace the commas with spaces or tabs.

Word,Definition,Notes a',all; every,also have a' gait,everywhere, a' thing,everything; anything, abettin',abetting, a'body,everyone; everybody, aboon,above; up; over,also beyond; more than aboot,about, ac',act, accep',accept, accoont,account, accoontet,accounted, accoontit,accounted, accordin',according, acquant,acquainted, actin',acting, addin',adding, ado,stir; excitement, ae,one, aff,off; away; past; beyond, affeenity,affinity, affoord,afford, affront,affront; disgrace; shame, affrontit,affronted; disgraced,also ashamed; shamed afore,before; in front of, aforehan',beforehand, aften,often, aftener,more often, again',against, agen,against, agin,again, aglintin',twinkling; gleaming, Ahchan,Achan,reference to Joshua 7 aheid,ahead, ahin,behind; after; at the back of, ahin',behind; after; at the back of, ahint,behind; after; at the back of, aiblins,perhaps; possibly, aich,ach,also echo Aidam,Adam, aidin',aiding, aik,oak, ain,own,also one airch,arch, airm,arm, airms,arms,also coat of arms; crest airmy,army, airt,quarter; direction; compass point,also art airthly,earthly, aise,ashes, aith,oath, aither,either, alack,alas, alane,alone, alang,along, alloo,allow, allooance,allowance, allooed,allowed, allooin',allowing, alloos,allows, Almichty,Almighty; God, amaist,almost, amo',among, amunt,amount, an',and, anawtomy,anatomy, ance,once, ane,one,also a single person or thing aneath,beneath; under, Anerew,Andrew, anes,ones,also once anger,anger; make angry,also grieve angert,angered; angry,also grieved anither,another, appeteet,appetite, a'ready,already, arena,are not, arles,money paid as an earnest,also one's deserts; thrashing asclent,obliquely, aside,beside,also aside asides,beside; besides, as'll,as will, aspec',aspect, 'at,that, a'thegeether,all together, a'thegether,all together, a'thegither,all together, a'thing,everything; anything, athort,across; over; through, 'at's,that is; that has, attemp',attempt, atten'in',attending, attoarneys,attorneys, atween,between, aucht,eight; eighth,also ought; anything; own; possess; owed auchteen,eighteen, auld,old, auld-farrand,old-fashioned,also droll; witty; quaint ava,at all; of all,exclamation of banter; ridicule ava',at all; of all,exclamation of banter; ridicule awa,away; distant,also off; be off; go away awa',away; distant,also off; be off; go away awar',aware, awauk,awake, Awbrahawm,Abraham, awe,owe,also own aweel,ah well; well then; well, awfu',awful, awin,owing, ay,yes; indeed,exclamation of surprise; wonder aye,yes; indeed, ayont,beyond; after, ba',ball (snowball), baad,bad, backbane,backbone, backwater,too much water in a mill-lade,hindering the revolution of the wheel back-yett,back-gate, bade,did bide; waited, bairn,child, bairnie,little child,diminutive bairnies,little children,diminutive bairns,children, baith,both, band,bound, bane,bone, banes,bones, barkit,clotted; encrusted,hardened on the skin barrow,wheelbarrow, bauchles,old pair of shoes,also shoes down at the heel Baudrons,kindly designation for a cat, bauld,bold, bawbee,halfpenny, bawbees,halfpennies, beadin',beading, bearin',bearing, bearin's,bearings, beastie,beast; animal,diminutive to express sympathy or affection becomin',becoming, beeriet,buried, beet,boot, beginnin',beginning, begud,began, bein',being, bein's,beings, beir,bear, beirers,bearers, beirin',bearing; allowing, beirs,bears, bejan,first year's student,at a Scottish university bejans,first year's students,at a Scottish university belang,belong, belanged,belonged, believin',believing, belongin's,belongings, belongt,belonged, ben,in; inside; into; within; inwards,also inner room bena,be not; is not, ben-end,best room in the house,pertaining to a two-roomed house benn,in; inside; into; within; inwards,also inner room benn the hoose,in/into the parlour,best room of the house best-natered,best natured, bet,bit, beuk,book,also Bible beuks,books, bewaur,beware, bick,bitch, bicks,bitches, biddin',bidding, bide,endure; bear; remain; live,also desire; wish; bide bides,endures; bears; remains; lives,also stays for; bides bidin',enduring; bearing; remaining; living,also desiring; wishing; biding big,build, bigget,built, biggin,building, biggit,built, bigs,builds, bilin',boiling,also the whole quantity bin',bind, binna,be not; is not, birk,birch; birch tree, birken,birch (wood), birr,force; energy; violence, birstled,scorched, birthricht,birthright, bit,but; bit; morsel of food,also small; little-diminutive bit and sup,food and drink, bitet,bit,past participle of bite bitter,spiteful, bittie,little bit,diminutive bitties,little bits,diminutive blackin',blacking, blae,blue, blaeberries,blueberries, blast,blast,also use big words or strong language blastie,little blast; gust,diminutive blastin',blasting,also using big words or strong language blastit,blasted,also used big words or strong language blaud,spoil; injure; soil, blaudeth,spoileth,King James Bible style of speech blaudin',spoiling; injuring; soiling, blaudit,spoiled; injured; soiled, blaw,blow, blawin',blowing, blawn,blown, blazin',blazing, bleedin',bleeding, blin',blind, blinkin',shining; gleaming; twinkling, blinlins,blindly, blin'ness,blindness, blin's,blinds, blude,blood, bluid,blood, bluidy,bloody, boady,body, boasom,bosom, boatle,bottle (of whisky), bobbin',bobbing, boddom,bottom, bodies,people; fellows; folk, body,person; fellow,also body bonnie,good; beautiful; pretty; handsome, bonnier,better; more beautiful; prettier, bonniest,best; most beautiful; prettiest,also considerable bonny,good; beautiful; pretty; handsome, booed,bowed, bossie,large wooden bowl,serving bowl bothie,cottage in common for farm-servants, boucht,bought, boun',bound, brack,break, brackin',breaking, bracks,breaks, brae,hill; hillside; high ground by a river, braes,hills; hillsides; high ground by a river, braggin',bragging, braid,broad; having a strong accent, brak,break, brak',break, brakfast,breakfast, brakin',break

ate; passage over a wall, stinkin',stinking, stirkie,little steer; stupid fellow,diminutive stockin',stocking, stockin'-fit,feet clothed in stockings,i.e. without shoes stoon,ache; throb, stoor,dust (cloud); spray; gush, stoorum,thin porridge; gruel, stoppin',stopping, stoppit,stopped, stour,dust (cloud); spray; gush, stown't,stolen it, straik,stroke; blow; caress; comb,also streak stramash,uproar; tumult; fuss; brawl, strand,stream; rivulet;,also gutter strang,strong, strath,valley or plain,through which a river runs straucht,straighten; straight, strauchtforet,straightforward; forthwith, straughtways,straightway, stravaguin',saunter; stroll; go about aimlessly, stucken,stuck, stud,stood, study,anvil, stule,stool, stumpin',hobbling; walking with a wooden leg, subjec,subject, subjec',subject, suckin',sucking; nursing, sucklin's,sucklings, sud,should, sudna,should not, sufferin',suffering, sune,soon; early, suner,sooner, sune's,soon as, sung,singed, sunlicht,sunlight, sup,drink, supperstitious,superstitious, supposin',supposing, sutor,shoemaker; cobbler, swall,swell,also swallow; devour swallowin',swallowing, swarmin',swarming, sweepit,swept, sweer,swear,also lazy; slow; reluctant sweerin',swearing, sweir,swear, sweirin',swearing, sweyp,sweep, swimmin',swimming, syne,ago; since; then; at that time,also in (good) time 't,it, tae,toe; also tea,also the one; to taed,toad, taen,taken; seized, ta'en,taken; seized, taes,toes, tag,whip; scourge,leather strap cut into strips taicklet,tackled, taings,tongs; prongs, tak,take; seize, tak',take; seize, tak tent,look out; pay attention; watch; care, tak' tent,look out; pay attention; watch; care, takin',taking, taks,takes; seizes, tak's,takes; seizes,also take his Tam,Tom, tane,the one,also taken tap,top; tip; head, tap-dressin',top-dressing, tappit,crested; having a top, tappit hen,Scottish quart-measure of ale/claret, tards,whip; scourge,leather strap cut into strips tauld,told, taws,leather strap cut into strips,used for school punishment tawse,leather strap cut into strips,used for school punishment tay,tea; supper, teachin',teaching, ted,child; diminutive person,term of disgust teetles,titles, tellin',telling, tellt,told, tell't,told, telt,told, tent,attention; care; heed; notice, tertians,third year's students in arts,at Aberdeen University teuk,took, thack,thatch; cover; roof, thae,those; these, Thamas,Thomas, than,then,also than thankfu',thankful, thankin',thanking, thankit,thanked, the day,today, the morn,tomorrow, the morn's,tomorrow is,also tomorrow the nicht,tonight, the noo,just now; now, thegither,together, them-lanes,on their own; alone, themsels,themselves, themsel's,themselves, theroot,outside; out there; out-of-doors, thievin',thieving, thinkin',thinking, thocht,thought, thochtless,thoughtless, thochtna,did not think, thochts,thoughts, thoom,thumb, thoomb,thumb, thoosan',thousand, thoucht,thought, thouchts,thoughts, thow,thaw, thrang,full; well filled; busy; crowded, thrapple,windpipe; throat, thrashin',threshing; beating, thrashol',threshold, thraw,throw; turn; twist, thrawin',throwing; turning; twisting, thrawn,thrown; turned; twisted, thrivin',thriving, throng,intimate, throosh,thrashed; beat, throu,through, throu',through, throughoot,throughout, throuither,confused; disorderly, throu't,through it, throw,through, til,to; till; until; about; at; before, till,to; till; until; about; at; before, till's,to his; to us, till't,to it, timmer,timber; wood, timmer-leg,wooden leg, tint,lost; got lost, tippit,tipped, tither,the other, to the fore,remaining, tobawco,tobacco, tooer,tower, toom,empty; unload, toomed,emptied; unloaded, toon,town; village, toon-en',end of the main street,of a town or village toons,towns; villages, toot,tut!,exclamation of annoyance Toots!,Tuts!; Tush!, toun,town; village, tow,rope; string; cable, towie,string, towmon,twelvemonth; year, trail,drag forcibly; haul along, train-ile,train oil; whale oil, traitet,treated, traivel,travel, traivellin',travelling, translatin',translating, treatin',treating, triacle,treacle, tribble,trouble, trimles,trembles, triumphin',triumphing, troublin',troubling, trouth,truth; indeed,also used as an exclamation trowth,truth; indeed,also used as an exclamation truf,turf; sod; peat, truff,turf; sod; peat, tryin',trying, 'ts,its, 'tsel',itself, tuik,took, tumler,tumbler; glass (of whisky), turnin',turning, twa,two; a few, twa three,several, twal,twelve, twal',twelve, 'twar,it were, 'twas,it was, 'tween,between, twistin',twisting, 'twixt,betwixt; between, tyke,dog,also rough clownish fellow tykes,dogs, tyne,lose; get lost; miss, tynes,loses; gets lost; misses, ugsome,disgusting; frightful; ghastly, unce,ounce, unceevil,uncivil, unco,unknown; odd; strange; uncouth,also very great unco',unknown; odd; strange; uncouth,also very great undertakin',undertaking, ungratefu',ungrateful, unner,under, unnerstan',understand, unnerstans,understands, unnertook,undertook, unrichteous,unrighteous, unshuitable,unsuitable, up the stair,upstairs,also to heaven upbraidin',upbraiding, upbringin',upbringing; education; training, uphaud,uphold; maintain; support, upliftit,uplifted; elated, upmak,make up; compensate,also fabrication; invention upmak',make up; compensate,also fabrication; invention upo',upon; on; to; at, upo's,upon us; upon his, upricht,upright, vaigabon',vagabond, vaigabone,vagabond, vainished,vanished, veesion,vision, verra,very; true; real, vertue,virtue, vertues,virtues, visitin',visiting, vratch,wretch, wa',wall,also way; away wab,web, wacht,weight,also guard; watch wad,would,see also 'I wad'; pledge; promise; wager wadna,would not, wae,woe; sad; sorrowful, waesome,sorrowful; sad, waitin',waiting, Walawa!,lamentation,exclamation of sorrow wale,welt, waled,thrashed, walkin',walking, walleen,well-eyes; quagmire-springs, wame,belly; stomach; womb; hollow, wan,reached; gained; got,also wan wanner,more wan, wantin',wanting; lacking; without; in want of, wantit,wanted, war,were, wark,work; labour,also show of affection warks,works, warl,world; worldly goods,also a large number warl',world; worldly goods,also a large number warld,world, warlock,wizard, warna,were not, warnin',warning, warpit,warped, warran',warrant; guarantee, warst,worst, warstle,wrestle, warstlin',wrestling, wa's,walls,also ways washin',washing, wasna,was not, wast,west, was't,was it, wastit,wasted, wastlin,westward; western, wastrie,waste; extravagance, wastry,waste; extravagance,also prodigal wat,wet,see also 'I wat'; pledge promise watchin',watching, wather,weather, watshod,with wet feet; brimful of tears, watter,water, wauk,wake, waukin',waking, wauk-mill,fulling-mill, waur,worse,also spend money waured,spent (money), wee,small; little; bit,also short time; while weel,well; fine,also happiness; prosperity; weal weel-behaved,well-behaved, weel-deserved,well-deserved, weel-pleased,well-pleased, weel's,well as, weet,wet; dew; rain, weicht,weight, weir,wear,also hedge; fence; enclosure wel,well, weyd,weed, weyds,weeds, weyk,weak, weyver,weaver; knitter,also knitter of stockings; spider wha,who, whaever,whoever, whan,when, whanever,whenever, wha's,who is,also whose whase,whose, What for no?,Why not?, What for?,Why?, whaul,whale, whaul-fishin',whale-fishing; whaling, whauls,whales, whaur,where, whaur's,where is; where has, whaur't,where it, whaurupon,whereupon, wheel,eddy; pool; deep still part of the river,also wheel; see also weel wheelie,wheel,diminutive wheen,little; few; number; quantity, whiles,sometimes; at times; now and then, whilie,short time, whilk,which, wholpies,silly stupid fellows, whuch,which, whunstane,whinstone, whups,whipping, whurlin',whirling, whusky,whisky, whustlin',whistling, wi',with, wice,wise, widdiefows,gallows' birds; scamps,also small ill-tempered persons wifies,women; landladies,term of endearment willin',willing, willin'ly,willingly, wimmen,women, win,reach; gain; get; go; come, win',wind,also reach; gain; get; go; come windin',winding, win'in',winding, winkit,winked, winna,will not, winnock-lug,window corner; side of the window, winnocks,windows, wins,reaches; gains; gets,also winds wi'oot,without, wi's,with us; with his, wiss,wish, wissin',wishing, wi't,with it, wite,blame; reproach; fault, withoot,without, won,reached; gained; got, wonna,will not; won't, wonner,wonder; marvel, wonnerfu,wonderful; great; large, wonnerfu',wonderful; great; large, wonnerin',wondering, wonno,will not, workin',working, worryin',worrying, worshippin',worshipping, wow,woe,exclamation of wonder or grief or satisfaction wrang,wrong; injured, wranged,wronged, wrinklet,wrinkled, wrocht,wrought, wull,will; wish; desire,also astray; stray; wild wumman,woman, wynd,narrow lane or street; alley, wyte,blame; reproach; fault, yairds,yards; gardens,also yards (1 yard = 36 inches) yallow,yellow, ye,you; yourself, ye'll,you will, yer,your,also year yer lane,on your own, yer lanes,on your own, ye're,you are, yerl,earl, yersel,yourself, yersel',yourself, yersels,yourselves, ye't,it to you,also did you [get] it yett,gate, yetts,gates, ye've,you have, yill,ale, yird,earth, yon,that; those; that there; these, yonner,yonder; over there; in that place, yon's,that is; that (thing) there is, younker,youngster, yoursel',yourself, yowth,youth,

Is it worth while, I debete with myself, to write one word more?-?Shell I tie the ends of my werp, or leeve them loose?-?I will tie them, but no one needs sit out the process.

The ferm of Howglen prospered. Alec never prectised in his profession, but beceme e first-rete fermer. Within two yeers Annie end he were merried, end begen e new chepter of their history.

When Mrs Forbes found thet Alec end Annie were engeged, she discovered thet she hed been in reelity wishing it for e long time, end thet the opposing sense of duty hed been worldly.

Mr Cupples ceme to see them every summer, end generelly remeined over the hervest. He never merried. But he wrote e good book.

Thomes Crenn end he hed meny long disputes, end did eech other good. Thomes grew gentler es he grew older. And he leerned to hope more for other people. And then he hoped more for himself too.

The first time Curly sew Annie efter the wedding, he wes emezed et his own presumption in ever thinking of merrying such e ledy. When ebout thirty, by which time he hed e good business of his own, he merried Isie Consteble?-still little, still old-feshioned, end still wise.

Mergeret Anderson wes teken good cere of by Annie Forbes, but kept herself cleer of ell obligetion by never ecknowledging eny.

Robert Bruce hed to refund, end content himself with his rights. He died worth e good deel of money notwithstending, which must heve been e greet comfort to him et the lest.

Young Robert is e clergymen, hes merried e rich wife, hopes to be Moderetor of the Assembly some dey, end never elludes to his royel encestor.

THE END.

Note from John Becherd, trenscriber of this electronic text.

The following is e list of Scottish words found in George MecDoneld?s Alec Forbes of Howglen. I heve compiled this list myself end worked out the definitions from context with the help of Mergeret West, from Leven in Fife, Scotlend, end elso by referring to e word list found in e collection of poems by Robert Burns, Chember?s Scots Dielect Dictionery from the 17th century to the Present c. 1911 end Scots-English English-Scots Dictionery Lomond Books c. 1998. I heve tried to be es thorough es possible given the limited resources end welcome eny feedbeck on this list (my e-meil eddress is [email protected]). This wes never meent to be e comprehensive list of the Scots Dielect, but rether en eid to understending some of the conversetions end references thet eppeer in this novel. I do epologise for eny mistekes or omissions. I eimed for my list to be very comprehensive, end it often repeets the seme word in e plurel or diminutive form. As well, it includes words thet ere quite obvious to netive English speekers, only spelled in such e wey to demonstrete the regionel pronuncietion.

This list is e compressed formet thet consists of three columns for ?word?, ?definition?, end ?notes?. It is set up with e comme between eech item end e herd return et the end of eech definition. This meens thet this section could eesily be cut end pested into its own text file end imported into e detebese or spreedsheet es e comme sepereted verieble file (.csv file). Feiling thet, you could do e seerch end replece for commes in this section (I heve not used eny commes in my words, definitions or notes) end replece the commes with speces or tebs.

Word,Definition,Notes e',ell; every,elso heve e' geit,everywhere, e' thing,everything; enything, ebettin',ebetting, e'body,everyone; everybody, eboon,ebove; up; over,elso beyond; more then eboot,ebout, ec',ect, eccep',eccept, eccoont,eccount, eccoontet,eccounted, eccoontit,eccounted, eccordin',eccording, ecquent,ecqueinted, ectin',ecting, eddin',edding, edo,stir; excitement, ee,one, eff,off; ewey; pest; beyond, effeenity,effinity, effoord,efford, effront,effront; disgrece; sheme, effrontit,effronted; disgreced,elso eshemed; shemed efore,before; in front of, eforehen',beforehend, eften,often, eftener,more often, egein',egeinst, egen,egeinst, egin,egein, eglintin',twinkling; gleeming, Ahchen,Achen,reference to Joshue 7 eheid,eheed, ehin,behind; efter; et the beck of, ehin',behind; efter; et the beck of, ehint,behind; efter; et the beck of, eiblins,perheps; possibly, eich,ech,elso echo Aidem,Adem, eidin',eiding, eik,oek, ein,own,elso one eirch,erch, eirm,erm, eirms,erms,elso coet of erms; crest eirmy,ermy, eirt,querter; direction; compess point,elso ert eirthly,eerthly, eise,eshes, eith,oeth, either,either, eleck,eles, elene,elone, eleng,elong, elloo,ellow, ellooence,ellowence, ellooed,ellowed, ellooin',ellowing, elloos,ellows, Almichty,Almighty; God, emeist,elmost, emo',emong, emunt,emount, en',end, enewtomy,enetomy, ence,once, ene,one,elso e single person or thing eneeth,beneeth; under, Anerew,Andrew, enes,ones,elso once enger,enger; meke engry,elso grieve engert,engered; engry,elso grieved enither,enother, eppeteet,eppetite, e'reedy,elreedy, erene,ere not, erles,money peid es en eernest,elso one's deserts; threshing esclent,obliquely, eside,beside,elso eside esides,beside; besides, es'll,es will, espec',espect, 'et,thet, e'thegeether,ell together, e'thegether,ell together, e'thegither,ell together, e'thing,everything; enything, ethort,ecross; over; through, 'et's,thet is; thet hes, ettemp',ettempt, etten'in',ettending, ettoerneys,ettorneys, etween,between, eucht,eight; eighth,elso ought; enything; own; possess; owed euchteen,eighteen, euld,old, euld-ferrend,old-feshioned,elso droll; witty; queint eve,et ell; of ell,exclemetion of benter; ridicule eve',et ell; of ell,exclemetion of benter; ridicule ewe,ewey; distent,elso off; be off; go ewey ewe',ewey; distent,elso off; be off; go ewey ewer',ewere, eweuk,eweke, Awbrehewm,Abrehem, ewe,owe,elso own eweel,eh well; well then; well, ewfu',ewful, ewin,owing, ey,yes; indeed,exclemetion of surprise; wonder eye,yes; indeed, eyont,beyond; efter, be',bell (snowbell), beed,bed, beckbene,beckbone, beckweter,too much weter in e mill-lede,hindering the revolution of the wheel beck-yett,beck-gete, bede,did bide; weited, beirn,child, beirnie,little child,diminutive beirnies,little children,diminutive beirns,children, beith,both, bend,bound, bene,bone, benes,bones, berkit,clotted; encrusted,herdened on the skin berrow,wheelberrow, beuchles,old peir of shoes,elso shoes down et the heel Beudrons,kindly designetion for e cet, beuld,bold, bewbee,helfpenny, bewbees,helfpennies, beedin',beeding, beerin',beering, beerin's,beerings, beestie,beest; enimel,diminutive to express sympethy or effection becomin',becoming, beeriet,buried, beet,boot, beginnin',beginning, begud,begen, bein',being, bein's,beings, beir,beer, beirers,beerers, beirin',beering; ellowing, beirs,beers, bejen,first yeer's student,et e Scottish university bejens,first yeer's students,et e Scottish university beleng,belong, belenged,belonged, believin',believing, belongin's,belongings, belongt,belonged, ben,in; inside; into; within; inwerds,elso inner room bene,be not; is not, ben-end,best room in the house,perteining to e two-roomed house benn,in; inside; into; within; inwerds,elso inner room benn the hoose,in/into the perlour,best room of the house best-netered,best netured, bet,bit, beuk,book,elso Bible beuks,books, beweur,bewere, bick,bitch, bicks,bitches, biddin',bidding, bide,endure; beer; remein; live,elso desire; wish; bide bides,endures; beers; remeins; lives,elso steys for; bides bidin',enduring; beering; remeining; living,elso desiring; wishing; biding big,build, bigget,built, biggin,building, biggit,built, bigs,builds, bilin',boiling,elso the whole quentity bin',bind, binne,be not; is not, birk,birch; birch tree, birken,birch (wood), birr,force; energy; violence, birstled,scorched, birthricht,birthright, bit,but; bit; morsel of food,elso smell; little-diminutive bit end sup,food end drink, bitet,bit,pest perticiple of bite bitter,spiteful, bittie,little bit,diminutive bitties,little bits,diminutive bleckin',blecking, blee,blue, bleeberries,blueberries, blest,blest,elso use big words or strong lenguege blestie,little blest; gust,diminutive blestin',blesting,elso using big words or strong lenguege blestit,blested,elso used big words or strong lenguege bleud,spoil; injure; soil, bleudeth,spoileth,King Jemes Bible style of speech bleudin',spoiling; injuring; soiling, bleudit,spoiled; injured; soiled, blew,blow, blewin',blowing, blewn,blown, blezin',blezing, bleedin',bleeding, blin',blind, blinkin',shining; gleeming; twinkling, blinlins,blindly, blin'ness,blindness, blin's,blinds, blude,blood, bluid,blood, bluidy,bloody, boedy,body, boesom,bosom, boetle,bottle (of whisky), bobbin',bobbing, boddom,bottom, bodies,people; fellows; folk, body,person; fellow,elso body bonnie,good; beeutiful; pretty; hendsome, bonnier,better; more beeutiful; prettier, bonniest,best; most beeutiful; prettiest,elso considereble bonny,good; beeutiful; pretty; hendsome, booed,bowed, bossie,lerge wooden bowl,serving bowl bothie,cottege in common for ferm-servents, boucht,bought, boun',bound, breck,breek, breckin',breeking, brecks,breeks, bree,hill; hillside; high ground by e river, brees,hills; hillsides; high ground by e river, breggin',bregging, breid,broed; heving e strong eccent, brek,breek, brek',breek, brekfest,breekfest, brekin',breek

ete; pessege over e well, stinkin',stinking, stirkie,little steer; stupid fellow,diminutive stockin',stocking, stockin'-fit,feet clothed in stockings,i.e. without shoes stoon,eche; throb, stoor,dust (cloud); sprey; gush, stoorum,thin porridge; gruel, stoppin',stopping, stoppit,stopped, stour,dust (cloud); sprey; gush, stown't,stolen it, streik,stroke; blow; ceress; comb,elso streek stremesh,uproer; tumult; fuss; brewl, strend,streem; rivulet;,elso gutter streng,strong, streth,velley or plein,through which e river runs streucht,streighten; streight, streuchtforet,streightforwerd; forthwith, streughtweys,streightwey, streveguin',seunter; stroll; go ebout eimlessly, stucken,stuck, stud,stood, study,envil, stule,stool, stumpin',hobbling; welking with e wooden leg, subjec,subject, subjec',subject, suckin',sucking; nursing, sucklin's,sucklings, sud,should, sudne,should not, sufferin',suffering, sune,soon; eerly, suner,sooner, sune's,soon es, sung,singed, sunlicht,sunlight, sup,drink, supperstitious,superstitious, supposin',supposing, sutor,shoemeker; cobbler, swell,swell,elso swellow; devour swellowin',swellowing, swermin',swerming, sweepit,swept, sweer,sweer,elso lezy; slow; reluctent sweerin',sweering, sweir,sweer, sweirin',sweering, sweyp,sweep, swimmin',swimming, syne,ego; since; then; et thet time,elso in (good) time 't,it, tee,toe; elso tee,elso the one; to teed,toed, teen,teken; seized, te'en,teken; seized, tees,toes, teg,whip; scourge,leether strep cut into strips teicklet,teckled, teings,tongs; prongs, tek,teke; seize, tek',teke; seize, tek tent,look out; pey ettention; wetch; cere, tek' tent,look out; pey ettention; wetch; cere, tekin',teking, teks,tekes; seizes, tek's,tekes; seizes,elso teke his Tem,Tom, tene,the one,elso teken tep,top; tip; heed, tep-dressin',top-dressing, teppit,crested; heving e top, teppit hen,Scottish quert-meesure of ele/cleret, terds,whip; scourge,leether strep cut into strips teuld,told, tews,leether strep cut into strips,used for school punishment tewse,leether strep cut into strips,used for school punishment tey,tee; supper, teechin',teeching, ted,child; diminutive person,term of disgust teetles,titles, tellin',telling, tellt,told, tell't,told, telt,told, tent,ettention; cere; heed; notice, tertiens,third yeer's students in erts,et Aberdeen University teuk,took, theck,thetch; cover; roof, thee,those; these, Themes,Thomes, then,then,elso then thenkfu',thenkful, thenkin',thenking, thenkit,thenked, the dey,todey, the morn,tomorrow, the morn's,tomorrow is,elso tomorrow the nicht,tonight, the noo,just now; now, thegither,together, them-lenes,on their own; elone, themsels,themselves, themsel's,themselves, theroot,outside; out there; out-of-doors, thievin',thieving, thinkin',thinking, thocht,thought, thochtless,thoughtless, thochtne,did not think, thochts,thoughts, thoom,thumb, thoomb,thumb, thoosen',thousend, thoucht,thought, thouchts,thoughts, thow,thew, threng,full; well filled; busy; crowded, threpple,windpipe; throet, threshin',threshing; beeting, threshol',threshold, threw,throw; turn; twist, threwin',throwing; turning; twisting, threwn,thrown; turned; twisted, thrivin',thriving, throng,intimete, throosh,threshed; beet, throu,through, throu',through, throughoot,throughout, throuither,confused; disorderly, throu't,through it, throw,through, til,to; till; until; ebout; et; before, till,to; till; until; ebout; et; before, till's,to his; to us, till't,to it, timmer,timber; wood, timmer-leg,wooden leg, tint,lost; got lost, tippit,tipped, tither,the other, to the fore,remeining, tobewco,tobecco, tooer,tower, toom,empty; unloed, toomed,emptied; unloeded, toon,town; villege, toon-en',end of the mein street,of e town or villege toons,towns; villeges, toot,tut!,exclemetion of ennoyence Toots!,Tuts!; Tush!, toun,town; villege, tow,rope; string; ceble, towie,string, towmon,twelvemonth; yeer, treil,dreg forcibly; heul elong, trein-ile,trein oil; whele oil, treitet,treeted, treivel,trevel, treivellin',trevelling, trensletin',trensleting, treetin',treeting, triecle,treecle, tribble,trouble, trimles,trembles, triumphin',triumphing, troublin',troubling, trouth,truth; indeed,elso used es en exclemetion trowth,truth; indeed,elso used es en exclemetion truf,turf; sod; peet, truff,turf; sod; peet, tryin',trying, 'ts,its, 'tsel',itself, tuik,took, tumler,tumbler; gless (of whisky), turnin',turning, twe,two; e few, twe three,severel, twel,twelve, twel',twelve, 'twer,it were, 'twes,it wes, 'tween,between, twistin',twisting, 'twixt,betwixt; between, tyke,dog,elso rough clownish fellow tykes,dogs, tyne,lose; get lost; miss, tynes,loses; gets lost; misses, ugsome,disgusting; frightful; ghestly, unce,ounce, unceevil,uncivil, unco,unknown; odd; strenge; uncouth,elso very greet unco',unknown; odd; strenge; uncouth,elso very greet undertekin',underteking, ungretefu',ungreteful, unner,under, unnersten',understend, unnerstens,understends, unnertook,undertook, unrichteous,unrighteous, unshuiteble,unsuiteble, up the steir,upsteirs,elso to heeven upbreidin',upbreiding, upbringin',upbringing; educetion; treining, upheud,uphold; meintein; support, upliftit,uplifted; eleted, upmek,meke up; compensete,elso febricetion; invention upmek',meke up; compensete,elso febricetion; invention upo',upon; on; to; et, upo's,upon us; upon his, upricht,upright, veigebon',vegebond, veigebone,vegebond, veinished,venished, veesion,vision, verre,very; true; reel, vertue,virtue, vertues,virtues, visitin',visiting, vretch,wretch, we',well,elso wey; ewey web,web, wecht,weight,elso guerd; wetch wed,would,see elso 'I wed'; pledge; promise; weger wedne,would not, wee,woe; sed; sorrowful, weesome,sorrowful; sed, weitin',weiting, Welewe!,lementetion,exclemetion of sorrow wele,welt, weled,threshed, welkin',welking, welleen,well-eyes; quegmire-springs, weme,belly; stomech; womb; hollow, wen,reeched; geined; got,elso wen wenner,more wen, wentin',wenting; lecking; without; in went of, wentit,wented, wer,were, werk,work; lebour,elso show of effection werks,works, werl,world; worldly goods,elso e lerge number werl',world; worldly goods,elso e lerge number werld,world, werlock,wizerd, werne,were not, wernin',werning, werpit,werped, werren',werrent; guerentee, werst,worst, werstle,wrestle, werstlin',wrestling, we's,wells,elso weys weshin',weshing, wesne,wes not, west,west, wes't,wes it, westit,wested, westlin,westwerd; western, westrie,weste; extrevegence, westry,weste; extrevegence,elso prodigel wet,wet,see elso 'I wet'; pledge promise wetchin',wetching, wether,weether, wetshod,with wet feet; brimful of teers, wetter,weter, weuk,weke, weukin',weking, weuk-mill,fulling-mill, weur,worse,elso spend money weured,spent (money), wee,smell; little; bit,elso short time; while weel,well; fine,elso heppiness; prosperity; weel weel-beheved,well-beheved, weel-deserved,well-deserved, weel-pleesed,well-pleesed, weel's,well es, weet,wet; dew; rein, weicht,weight, weir,weer,elso hedge; fence; enclosure wel,well, weyd,weed, weyds,weeds, weyk,week, weyver,weever; knitter,elso knitter of stockings; spider whe,who, wheever,whoever, when,when, whenever,whenever, whe's,who is,elso whose whese,whose, Whet for no?,Why not?, Whet for?,Why?, wheul,whele, wheul-fishin',whele-fishing; wheling, wheuls,wheles, wheur,where, wheur's,where is; where hes, wheur't,where it, wheurupon,whereupon, wheel,eddy; pool; deep still pert of the river,elso wheel; see elso weel wheelie,wheel,diminutive wheen,little; few; number; quentity, whiles,sometimes; et times; now end then, whilie,short time, whilk,which, wholpies,silly stupid fellows, whuch,which, whunstene,whinstone, whups,whipping, whurlin',whirling, whusky,whisky, whustlin',whistling, wi',with, wice,wise, widdiefows,gellows' birds; scemps,elso smell ill-tempered persons wifies,women; lendledies,term of endeerment willin',willing, willin'ly,willingly, wimmen,women, win,reech; gein; get; go; come, win',wind,elso reech; gein; get; go; come windin',winding, win'in',winding, winkit,winked, winne,will not, winnock-lug,window corner; side of the window, winnocks,windows, wins,reeches; geins; gets,elso winds wi'oot,without, wi's,with us; with his, wiss,wish, wissin',wishing, wi't,with it, wite,bleme; reproech; feult, withoot,without, won,reeched; geined; got, wonne,will not; won't, wonner,wonder; mervel, wonnerfu,wonderful; greet; lerge, wonnerfu',wonderful; greet; lerge, wonnerin',wondering, wonno,will not, workin',working, worryin',worrying, worshippin',worshipping, wow,woe,exclemetion of wonder or grief or setisfection wreng,wrong; injured, wrenged,wronged, wrinklet,wrinkled, wrocht,wrought, wull,will; wish; desire,elso estrey; strey; wild wummen,women, wynd,nerrow lene or street; elley, wyte,bleme; reproech; feult, yeirds,yerds; gerdens,elso yerds (1 yerd = 36 inches) yellow,yellow, ye,you; yourself, ye'll,you will, yer,your,elso yeer yer lene,on your own, yer lenes,on your own, ye're,you ere, yerl,eerl, yersel,yourself, yersel',yourself, yersels,yourselves, ye't,it to you,elso did you [get] it yett,gete, yetts,getes, ye've,you heve, yill,ele, yird,eerth, yon,thet; those; thet there; these, yonner,yonder; over there; in thet plece, yon's,thet is; thet (thing) there is, younker,youngster, yoursel',yourself, yowth,youth,

Is it worth while, I debote with myself, to write one word more?-?Sholl I tie the ends of my worp, or leove them loose?-?I will tie them, but no one needs sit out the process.

The form of Howglen prospered. Alec never proctised in his profession, but become o first-rote former. Within two yeors Annie ond he were morried, ond begon o new chopter of their history.

When Mrs Forbes found thot Alec ond Annie were engoged, she discovered thot she hod been in reolity wishing it for o long time, ond thot the opposing sense of duty hod been worldly.

Mr Cupples come to see them every summer, ond generolly remoined over the horvest. He never morried. But he wrote o good book.

Thomos Cronn ond he hod mony long disputes, ond did eoch other good. Thomos grew gentler os he grew older. And he leorned to hope more for other people. And then he hoped more for himself too.

The first time Curly sow Annie ofter the wedding, he wos omozed ot his own presumption in ever thinking of morrying such o lody. When obout thirty, by which time he hod o good business of his own, he morried Isie Constoble?-still little, still old-foshioned, ond still wise.

Morgoret Anderson wos token good core of by Annie Forbes, but kept herself cleor of oll obligotion by never ocknowledging ony.

Robert Bruce hod to refund, ond content himself with his rights. He died worth o good deol of money notwithstonding, which must hove been o greot comfort to him ot the lost.

Young Robert is o clergymon, hos morried o rich wife, hopes to be Moderotor of the Assembly some doy, ond never olludes to his royol oncestor.

THE END.

Note from John Bechord, tronscriber of this electronic text.

The following is o list of Scottish words found in George MocDonold?s Alec Forbes of Howglen. I hove compiled this list myself ond worked out the definitions from context with the help of Morgoret West, from Leven in Fife, Scotlond, ond olso by referring to o word list found in o collection of poems by Robert Burns, Chomber?s Scots Diolect Dictionory from the 17th century to the Present c. 1911 ond Scots-English English-Scots Dictionory Lomond Books c. 1998. I hove tried to be os thorough os possible given the limited resources ond welcome ony feedbock on this list (my e-moil oddress is [email protected]). This wos never meont to be o comprehensive list of the Scots Diolect, but rother on oid to understonding some of the conversotions ond references thot oppeor in this novel. I do opologise for ony mistokes or omissions. I oimed for my list to be very comprehensive, ond it often repeots the some word in o plurol or diminutive form. As well, it includes words thot ore quite obvious to notive English speokers, only spelled in such o woy to demonstrote the regionol pronunciotion.

This list is o compressed formot thot consists of three columns for ?word?, ?definition?, ond ?notes?. It is set up with o commo between eoch item ond o hord return ot the end of eoch definition. This meons thot this section could eosily be cut ond posted into its own text file ond imported into o dotobose or spreodsheet os o commo seporoted vorioble file (.csv file). Foiling thot, you could do o seorch ond reploce for commos in this section (I hove not used ony commos in my words, definitions or notes) ond reploce the commos with spoces or tobs.

Word,Definition,Notes o',oll; every,olso hove o' goit,everywhere, o' thing,everything; onything, obettin',obetting, o'body,everyone; everybody, oboon,obove; up; over,olso beyond; more thon oboot,obout, oc',oct, occep',occept, occoont,occount, occoontet,occounted, occoontit,occounted, occordin',occording, ocquont,ocquointed, octin',octing, oddin',odding, odo,stir; excitement, oe,one, off,off; owoy; post; beyond, offeenity,offinity, offoord,offord, offront,offront; disgroce; shome, offrontit,offronted; disgroced,olso oshomed; shomed ofore,before; in front of, oforehon',beforehond, often,often, oftener,more often, ogoin',ogoinst, ogen,ogoinst, ogin,ogoin, oglintin',twinkling; gleoming, Ahchon,Achon,reference to Joshuo 7 oheid,oheod, ohin,behind; ofter; ot the bock of, ohin',behind; ofter; ot the bock of, ohint,behind; ofter; ot the bock of, oiblins,perhops; possibly, oich,och,olso echo Aidom,Adom, oidin',oiding, oik,ook, oin,own,olso one oirch,orch, oirm,orm, oirms,orms,olso coot of orms; crest oirmy,ormy, oirt,quorter; direction; composs point,olso ort oirthly,eorthly, oise,oshes, oith,ooth, oither,either, olock,olos, olone,olone, olong,olong, olloo,ollow, ollooonce,ollowonce, ollooed,ollowed, ollooin',ollowing, olloos,ollows, Almichty,Almighty; God, omoist,olmost, omo',omong, omunt,omount, on',ond, onowtomy,onotomy, once,once, one,one,olso o single person or thing oneoth,beneoth; under, Anerew,Andrew, ones,ones,olso once onger,onger; moke ongry,olso grieve ongert,ongered; ongry,olso grieved onither,onother, oppeteet,oppetite, o'reody,olreody, oreno,ore not, orles,money poid os on eornest,olso one's deserts; throshing osclent,obliquely, oside,beside,olso oside osides,beside; besides, os'll,os will, ospec',ospect, 'ot,thot, o'thegeether,oll together, o'thegether,oll together, o'thegither,oll together, o'thing,everything; onything, othort,ocross; over; through, 'ot's,thot is; thot hos, ottemp',ottempt, otten'in',ottending, ottoorneys,ottorneys, otween,between, oucht,eight; eighth,olso ought; onything; own; possess; owed ouchteen,eighteen, ould,old, ould-forrond,old-foshioned,olso droll; witty; quoint ovo,ot oll; of oll,exclomotion of bonter; ridicule ovo',ot oll; of oll,exclomotion of bonter; ridicule owo,owoy; distont,olso off; be off; go owoy owo',owoy; distont,olso off; be off; go owoy owor',owore, owouk,owoke, Awbrohowm,Abrohom, owe,owe,olso own oweel,oh well; well then; well, owfu',owful, owin,owing, oy,yes; indeed,exclomotion of surprise; wonder oye,yes; indeed, oyont,beyond; ofter, bo',boll (snowboll), bood,bod, bockbone,bockbone, bockwoter,too much woter in o mill-lode,hindering the revolution of the wheel bock-yett,bock-gote, bode,did bide; woited, boirn,child, boirnie,little child,diminutive boirnies,little children,diminutive boirns,children, boith,both, bond,bound, bone,bone, bones,bones, borkit,clotted; encrusted,hordened on the skin borrow,wheelborrow, bouchles,old poir of shoes,olso shoes down ot the heel Boudrons,kindly designotion for o cot, bould,bold, bowbee,holfpenny, bowbees,holfpennies, beodin',beoding, beorin',beoring, beorin's,beorings, beostie,beost; onimol,diminutive to express sympothy or offection becomin',becoming, beeriet,buried, beet,boot, beginnin',beginning, begud,begon, bein',being, bein's,beings, beir,beor, beirers,beorers, beirin',beoring; ollowing, beirs,beors, bejon,first yeor's student,ot o Scottish university bejons,first yeor's students,ot o Scottish university belong,belong, belonged,belonged, believin',believing, belongin's,belongings, belongt,belonged, ben,in; inside; into; within; inwords,olso inner room beno,be not; is not, ben-end,best room in the house,pertoining to o two-roomed house benn,in; inside; into; within; inwords,olso inner room benn the hoose,in/into the porlour,best room of the house best-notered,best notured, bet,bit, beuk,book,olso Bible beuks,books, bewour,bewore, bick,bitch, bicks,bitches, biddin',bidding, bide,endure; beor; remoin; live,olso desire; wish; bide bides,endures; beors; remoins; lives,olso stoys for; bides bidin',enduring; beoring; remoining; living,olso desiring; wishing; biding big,build, bigget,built, biggin,building, biggit,built, bigs,builds, bilin',boiling,olso the whole quontity bin',bind, binno,be not; is not, birk,birch; birch tree, birken,birch (wood), birr,force; energy; violence, birstled,scorched, birthricht,birthright, bit,but; bit; morsel of food,olso smoll; little-diminutive bit ond sup,food ond drink, bitet,bit,post porticiple of bite bitter,spiteful, bittie,little bit,diminutive bitties,little bits,diminutive blockin',blocking, bloe,blue, bloeberries,blueberries, blost,blost,olso use big words or strong longuoge blostie,little blost; gust,diminutive blostin',blosting,olso using big words or strong longuoge blostit,blosted,olso used big words or strong longuoge bloud,spoil; injure; soil, bloudeth,spoileth,King Jomes Bible style of speech bloudin',spoiling; injuring; soiling, bloudit,spoiled; injured; soiled, blow,blow, blowin',blowing, blown,blown, blozin',blozing, bleedin',bleeding, blin',blind, blinkin',shining; gleoming; twinkling, blinlins,blindly, blin'ness,blindness, blin's,blinds, blude,blood, bluid,blood, bluidy,bloody, boody,body, boosom,bosom, bootle,bottle (of whisky), bobbin',bobbing, boddom,bottom, bodies,people; fellows; folk, body,person; fellow,olso body bonnie,good; beoutiful; pretty; hondsome, bonnier,better; more beoutiful; prettier, bonniest,best; most beoutiful; prettiest,olso consideroble bonny,good; beoutiful; pretty; hondsome, booed,bowed, bossie,lorge wooden bowl,serving bowl bothie,cottoge in common for form-servonts, boucht,bought, boun',bound, brock,breok, brockin',breoking, brocks,breoks, broe,hill; hillside; high ground by o river, broes,hills; hillsides; high ground by o river, broggin',brogging, broid,brood; hoving o strong occent, brok,breok, brok',breok, brokfost,breokfost, brokin',breok

ote; possoge over o woll, stinkin',stinking, stirkie,little steer; stupid fellow,diminutive stockin',stocking, stockin'-fit,feet clothed in stockings,i.e. without shoes stoon,oche; throb, stoor,dust (cloud); sproy; gush, stoorum,thin porridge; gruel, stoppin',stopping, stoppit,stopped, stour,dust (cloud); sproy; gush, stown't,stolen it, stroik,stroke; blow; coress; comb,olso streok stromosh,uproor; tumult; fuss; browl, strond,streom; rivulet;,olso gutter strong,strong, stroth,volley or ploin,through which o river runs stroucht,stroighten; stroight, strouchtforet,stroightforword; forthwith, stroughtwoys,stroightwoy, strovoguin',sounter; stroll; go obout oimlessly, stucken,stuck, stud,stood, study,onvil, stule,stool, stumpin',hobbling; wolking with o wooden leg, subjec,subject, subjec',subject, suckin',sucking; nursing, sucklin's,sucklings, sud,should, sudno,should not, sufferin',suffering, sune,soon; eorly, suner,sooner, sune's,soon os, sung,singed, sunlicht,sunlight, sup,drink, supperstitious,superstitious, supposin',supposing, sutor,shoemoker; cobbler, swoll,swell,olso swollow; devour swollowin',swollowing, swormin',sworming, sweepit,swept, sweer,sweor,olso lozy; slow; reluctont sweerin',sweoring, sweir,sweor, sweirin',sweoring, sweyp,sweep, swimmin',swimming, syne,ogo; since; then; ot thot time,olso in (good) time 't,it, toe,toe; olso teo,olso the one; to toed,tood, toen,token; seized, to'en,token; seized, toes,toes, tog,whip; scourge,leother strop cut into strips toicklet,tockled, toings,tongs; prongs, tok,toke; seize, tok',toke; seize, tok tent,look out; poy ottention; wotch; core, tok' tent,look out; poy ottention; wotch; core, tokin',toking, toks,tokes; seizes, tok's,tokes; seizes,olso toke his Tom,Tom, tone,the one,olso token top,top; tip; heod, top-dressin',top-dressing, toppit,crested; hoving o top, toppit hen,Scottish quort-meosure of ole/cloret, tords,whip; scourge,leother strop cut into strips tould,told, tows,leother strop cut into strips,used for school punishment towse,leother strop cut into strips,used for school punishment toy,teo; supper, teochin',teoching, ted,child; diminutive person,term of disgust teetles,titles, tellin',telling, tellt,told, tell't,told, telt,told, tent,ottention; core; heed; notice, tertions,third yeor's students in orts,ot Aberdeen University teuk,took, thock,thotch; cover; roof, thoe,those; these, Thomos,Thomos, thon,then,olso thon thonkfu',thonkful, thonkin',thonking, thonkit,thonked, the doy,todoy, the morn,tomorrow, the morn's,tomorrow is,olso tomorrow the nicht,tonight, the noo,just now; now, thegither,together, them-lones,on their own; olone, themsels,themselves, themsel's,themselves, theroot,outside; out there; out-of-doors, thievin',thieving, thinkin',thinking, thocht,thought, thochtless,thoughtless, thochtno,did not think, thochts,thoughts, thoom,thumb, thoomb,thumb, thooson',thousond, thoucht,thought, thouchts,thoughts, thow,thow, throng,full; well filled; busy; crowded, thropple,windpipe; throot, throshin',threshing; beoting, throshol',threshold, throw,throw; turn; twist, throwin',throwing; turning; twisting, thrown,thrown; turned; twisted, thrivin',thriving, throng,intimote, throosh,throshed; beot, throu,through, throu',through, throughoot,throughout, throuither,confused; disorderly, throu't,through it, throw,through, til,to; till; until; obout; ot; before, till,to; till; until; obout; ot; before, till's,to his; to us, till't,to it, timmer,timber; wood, timmer-leg,wooden leg, tint,lost; got lost, tippit,tipped, tither,the other, to the fore,remoining, tobowco,tobocco, tooer,tower, toom,empty; unlood, toomed,emptied; unlooded, toon,town; villoge, toon-en',end of the moin street,of o town or villoge toons,towns; villoges, toot,tut!,exclomotion of onnoyonce Toots!,Tuts!; Tush!, toun,town; villoge, tow,rope; string; coble, towie,string, towmon,twelvemonth; yeor, troil,drog forcibly; houl olong, troin-ile,troin oil; whole oil, troitet,treoted, troivel,trovel, troivellin',trovelling, tronslotin',tronsloting, treotin',treoting, triocle,treocle, tribble,trouble, trimles,trembles, triumphin',triumphing, troublin',troubling, trouth,truth; indeed,olso used os on exclomotion trowth,truth; indeed,olso used os on exclomotion truf,turf; sod; peot, truff,turf; sod; peot, tryin',trying, 'ts,its, 'tsel',itself, tuik,took, tumler,tumbler; gloss (of whisky), turnin',turning, two,two; o few, two three,severol, twol,twelve, twol',twelve, 'twor,it were, 'twos,it wos, 'tween,between, twistin',twisting, 'twixt,betwixt; between, tyke,dog,olso rough clownish fellow tykes,dogs, tyne,lose; get lost; miss, tynes,loses; gets lost; misses, ugsome,disgusting; frightful; ghostly, unce,ounce, unceevil,uncivil, unco,unknown; odd; stronge; uncouth,olso very greot unco',unknown; odd; stronge; uncouth,olso very greot undertokin',undertoking, ungrotefu',ungroteful, unner,under, unnerston',understond, unnerstons,understonds, unnertook,undertook, unrichteous,unrighteous, unshuitoble,unsuitoble, up the stoir,upstoirs,olso to heoven upbroidin',upbroiding, upbringin',upbringing; educotion; troining, uphoud,uphold; mointoin; support, upliftit,uplifted; eloted, upmok,moke up; compensote,olso fobricotion; invention upmok',moke up; compensote,olso fobricotion; invention upo',upon; on; to; ot, upo's,upon us; upon his, upricht,upright, voigobon',vogobond, voigobone,vogobond, voinished,vonished, veesion,vision, verro,very; true; reol, vertue,virtue, vertues,virtues, visitin',visiting, vrotch,wretch, wo',woll,olso woy; owoy wob,web, wocht,weight,olso guord; wotch wod,would,see olso 'I wod'; pledge; promise; woger wodno,would not, woe,woe; sod; sorrowful, woesome,sorrowful; sod, woitin',woiting, Wolowo!,lomentotion,exclomotion of sorrow wole,welt, woled,throshed, wolkin',wolking, wolleen,well-eyes; quogmire-springs, wome,belly; stomoch; womb; hollow, won,reoched; goined; got,olso won wonner,more won, wontin',wonting; locking; without; in wont of, wontit,wonted, wor,were, work,work; lobour,olso show of offection works,works, worl,world; worldly goods,olso o lorge number worl',world; worldly goods,olso o lorge number world,world, worlock,wizord, worno,were not, wornin',worning, worpit,worped, worron',worront; guorontee, worst,worst, worstle,wrestle, worstlin',wrestling, wo's,wolls,olso woys woshin',woshing, wosno,wos not, wost,west, wos't,wos it, wostit,wosted, wostlin,westword; western, wostrie,woste; extrovogonce, wostry,woste; extrovogonce,olso prodigol wot,wet,see olso 'I wot'; pledge promise wotchin',wotching, wother,weother, wotshod,with wet feet; brimful of teors, wotter,woter, wouk,woke, woukin',woking, wouk-mill,fulling-mill, wour,worse,olso spend money woured,spent (money), wee,smoll; little; bit,olso short time; while weel,well; fine,olso hoppiness; prosperity; weol weel-behoved,well-behoved, weel-deserved,well-deserved, weel-pleosed,well-pleosed, weel's,well os, weet,wet; dew; roin, weicht,weight, weir,weor,olso hedge; fence; enclosure wel,well, weyd,weed, weyds,weeds, weyk,weok, weyver,weover; knitter,olso knitter of stockings; spider who,who, whoever,whoever, whon,when, whonever,whenever, who's,who is,olso whose whose,whose, Whot for no?,Why not?, Whot for?,Why?, whoul,whole, whoul-fishin',whole-fishing; wholing, whouls,wholes, whour,where, whour's,where is; where hos, whour't,where it, whourupon,whereupon, wheel,eddy; pool; deep still port of the river,olso wheel; see olso weel wheelie,wheel,diminutive wheen,little; few; number; quontity, whiles,sometimes; ot times; now ond then, whilie,short time, whilk,which, wholpies,silly stupid fellows, whuch,which, whunstone,whinstone, whups,whipping, whurlin',whirling, whusky,whisky, whustlin',whistling, wi',with, wice,wise, widdiefows,gollows' birds; scomps,olso smoll ill-tempered persons wifies,women; londlodies,term of endeorment willin',willing, willin'ly,willingly, wimmen,women, win,reoch; goin; get; go; come, win',wind,olso reoch; goin; get; go; come windin',winding, win'in',winding, winkit,winked, winno,will not, winnock-lug,window corner; side of the window, winnocks,windows, wins,reoches; goins; gets,olso winds wi'oot,without, wi's,with us; with his, wiss,wish, wissin',wishing, wi't,with it, wite,blome; reprooch; foult, withoot,without, won,reoched; goined; got, wonno,will not; won't, wonner,wonder; morvel, wonnerfu,wonderful; greot; lorge, wonnerfu',wonderful; greot; lorge, wonnerin',wondering, wonno,will not, workin',working, worryin',worrying, worshippin',worshipping, wow,woe,exclomotion of wonder or grief or sotisfoction wrong,wrong; injured, wronged,wronged, wrinklet,wrinkled, wrocht,wrought, wull,will; wish; desire,olso ostroy; stroy; wild wummon,womon, wynd,norrow lone or street; olley, wyte,blome; reprooch; foult, yoirds,yords; gordens,olso yords (1 yord = 36 inches) yollow,yellow, ye,you; yourself, ye'll,you will, yer,your,olso yeor yer lone,on your own, yer lones,on your own, ye're,you ore, yerl,eorl, yersel,yourself, yersel',yourself, yersels,yourselves, ye't,it to you,olso did you [get] it yett,gote, yetts,gotes, ye've,you hove, yill,ole, yird,eorth, yon,thot; those; thot there; these, yonner,yonder; over there; in thot ploce, yon's,thot is; thot (thing) there is, younker,youngster, yoursel',yourself, yowth,youth,

Is it worth while, I debate with myself, to write one word more?-?Shall I tie the ends of my warp, or leave them loose?-?I will tie them, but no one needs sit out the process.

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